As per, Star Inacay’s request, here’s the key thoughts on my message today.

What we believe about the future 
will determine how we live today.

How does my view of heaven 
affect how I live today?

Revelation 21:1-6

1. What is heaven?

Heaven is the place where God most fully makes known His presence 
to bring blessing. (Wayne Grudem)

Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, 
for the first heaven and the first earth had 
passed away, and there was no longer any sea. (Rev. 21:1)

Heaven is a place not just a state of mind.

Acts 1:11 tells us that Jesus went up to a literal  place hidden behind the clouds.

When Stephen was being stoned to death, he saw heaven opened up in Acts 7 where Jesus was standing on the right hand of the Father.

Jesus said in John 14 that He was going to leave to prepare a place for us.  It wasn’t just a condition or state, but a physical place.

I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, 
coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. (Rev. 21:2)

It’s interesting that we refer to heaven when we die. But not only is it a place where we go, it also comes down to the new earth according to Revelation 21:2.

Because of sin at the Garden, the world as we know it has been subject to decay. But time will come that it will all change.

For the creation was subjected to frustration, not by its own choice, but by the will of the one who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to decay and brought into the glorious freedom of the children of God. (Romans 8:20-21)

Not only will our world change but even our bodies. We will have a newly upgraded resurrected body.

1 Cor. 15:51-53 tells us For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.”

Our earthly tent will be changed into something imperishable and immortal.

That’s why Paul exclaimed as if he was trashtalking death:

“Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?” (1 Cor. 15:54)

If you think earth is fun, 
wait till you get to heaven.

But more than the upgraded body, restored and renewed world, the one thing we will all be amazed is that God Himself will be our reward. Listen to what Augustine said.

“God himself, who is the Author of virtue, 
shall be our reward. As there is nothing greater or better than God himself, God has promised us himself. God shall be the end of all our desires, who will be seen without end, loved without cloy, and praised without weariness.”

2. Why heaven?

John was giving the church a living hope!

He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.”  (Rev. 21:4)

“… we wait for the blessed hope—the glorious appearing of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ.” (Titus 2:13)

The way we live now is completely 
controlled by what we believe 
about our future.

“Hope is the power of being cheerful 
in circumstances that we know to be desperate.” (G.K. Chesterton)

“The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church.” (Tertullian)


3. How to get there?

“It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To him who is thirsty 
I will give to drink without cost from 
the spring of the water of life.” (Rev. 21:6)

When Jesus was on the cross, He said, “I thirst.” It was at the moment when God placed all our sin unto Him that He experienced the thirst we all should’ve experienced.

He said that those who will thirst will be given a drink without cost.

The living water is free but it came with a price – His death.

Jesus lost all hope so that we can 
receive the hope we long for.

The “shadow of death” is just 
our entrance into glory.



Although all Evangelicals agree on the final results of Christ’s return, there is disagreement over three important details concerning future events: the nature of the millennium, the sequence of Christ’s return, and the proper way to interpret prophecy.

Revelation 20:1-5

And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony about Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years. (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended.) This is the first resurrection.

Throughout the history of the church there have been four major views on the time and nature of the millennium.


1. There is no future millennium yet to come. The expression “thousand years” is simply a figure of speech for a long period of time. Christ’s reign in the millennium is not a bodily reign here on earth but rather the heavenly reign.

The number one thousand is used figuratively in Scripture and in first century Greek.

2. Revelation 20 describes the present church age in which Satan’s influence over the nations has been greatly reduced so that the gospel can be preached.

Those who are referred to in the text as reigning with Christ are Christians who have died and are already reigning with Him in heaven.

 3. The present church age will continue until the time of Christ’s return. There will then be a resurrection of both believers and unbelievers and the final judgment.

This view has a long history. Augustine was one of its major proponents (although some dispute that claim—it is not easy to reconstruct the views of historical figures).


 It is sometimes called Historic Premillennialism to distinguish it from the third view.

1. The present church age will continue until a time of great tribulation and suffering comes on the earth.

The tribulation in Matthew 24 and Mark 13 does not refer to the fall of Jerusalem but to the end of the world.

2. After the tribulation Christ will return to earth to establish a literal one thousand-year kingdom. Believers will be raised from the dead (with glorified bodies) and will reign with Christ on earth. Many unbelievers will turn to Christ and be saved during this time.

 3. Satan will be bound and have no influence on the earth during the millennium. But after the thousand years, he will be loosed and initiate a battle against Christ. But he will be defeated. There will then be a fi-nal judgment and believers will enter into the eternal state.

This views dates back as far as Justin Martyr in the second century.

Dispensational Premillennialism

Dispensational Premillennialists believe all the ideas of the above view, but add several more. This is the view of the Left Behind series and most of the fanatical people making crazy predic-tions about the end of time.

Please refer to the document Appendix G: Dispensationalism vs. Covenant Theology for more understanding on the differences between this view and Historical Premillennialism.

1. Christ will return before the tribulation and millennium to secretly take believers out of the world.

This is referred to as the Rapture or Secret Rapture.

There are different views here. Some hold to a pre-tribulation Rapture, others to a mid-tribulation Rapture, and still others to a post-tribulation Rapture.

2. There will be a great tribulation on the earth for seven years ruled by the Antichrist. During this time, all the Jews will be saved.

3. After seven years, Christ will return with his saints to reign on the earth for one thousand years.

4. Satan will be bound and have no influence on the earth during the millennium. But after the thousand years, he will be loosed and initiate a battle against Christ. But he will be defeated. There will then be a fi-nal judgment and believers will enter into the eternal state.


“Postmillennialism holds that the Kingdom of God is now being extended in the world through the preaching of the Gospel and the saving work of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of individuals, that the world eventually is to be Christianized, and that the return of Christ is to occur at the close of a long period of righteousness and peace.” (Lorraine Boettner, The Millennium, p. 14

 1. We are in the millennium now—the period in between the first and second coming of Christ.

Although some postmillennialists believe that the millennium is a future period of create gospel expansion into all of life and culture.

2. The progress of the gospel will gradually increase and encompass a larger proportion of the world’s popu-lation. There will be significant Christian influences on society, society will more and more function ac-cording to God’s standards.

“The thing that distinguishes the biblical postmillennialist, then, from Amillennialism and Premillennialism is his belief that Scripture teaches the success of the great commission in this age of the church.

3. Christ will return after the millennium. Then the dead will be raised, the final judgment will occur, and there will be a new heaven and new earth.

4. Postmillennialism is optimistic about the power of the gospel to change lives.

The fundamental question is: what has more power, sin or the resurrection?

5. There are several misconceptions of Postmillennialism.

  • Postmillennialism has been mistakenly linked with belief in the inherent goodness of man.

This has occurred despite the fact that the vast majority of postmillennialists of today (and per-haps even in the past) are Calvinists. The result is that postmillennialism has been perceived as teaching that the kingdom of God would be ushered in by human effort alone, independently of the Holy Spirit. Even a scholar as astute as Kenneth Kantzer has recently fallen prey to this er-ror. In his concluding observations to the debate in the Christianity Today Institute, he writes: “The greatest weakness of postmillennialism is its failure to take seriously the biblical pessimism regarding man’s efforts apart from God.”

Postmillennialists affirm “the biblical optimism regarding man’s efforts through God.”

  •  Postmillennialism has been mistakenly identified with theological liberalism and the “social gospel.”

Thus the kingdom it espoused came to be perceived as some sort of secular utopia that re-placed the return of Jesus as the true hope of the church.

Hope for this earth that is inspired by belief in the power of the Holy Spirit fulfilling the redemp-tive purposes of God through His church must never be confused with a hope inspired by belief in the power of human legislation, education and moral reform. Not all Christians, though, have been able to distinguish between the two.

“In their zeal to stand against the liberal tide, large numbers of Christians threw the baby out with the bath. In disdain for the evolutionary social gospel, sincere believers were led to reject Christian social concern for an exclusively internal or other-worldly religion, and to substitute for the earlier belief in a progressive triumph of Christ’s kingdom in the world, a new, pessimis-tic catastrophism with respect to the course of history.” (Greg Bahnsen)



NOTE: Content taken from Paul Barker’s Eschatology Primer


(NOTE: These are my notes for the 1st installment of “THE END” series at Victory Fort. I’m posting this for those who might have missed the verses I tackled because I went through them quite fast.)

This year is supposed to be the end of time – 2012. Not only because of the movie, but because some believe that this is based on the Mayan calendar.

Throughout history there have been 242 failed predictions and counting, from Montanus to Harold Camping. (site here)

There’s a fascination on knowing when Jesus will come and thereby usher in the end of time as we know it.

As Wayne Grudem says in his Systematic Theology book,

“(People) can make reasonable predictions about future events based on patterns of past occurrences, but in the nature of human experience, it is clear that human beings of themselves cannot know the future.”

But at the same breath, God does give us verses in Scripture to let us know a few things we can expect.

1. When will this happen?

Acts 1:6-7. He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority.

Matthew 24:36.”No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.”

Matthew 24:42. “Therefore be on the alert, for you do not know which day your Lord is coming.”

Matthew 24:44. “For this reason you also must be ready; for the Son of Man is coming at an hour when you do not think He will.”

The degree to which we actually long for Christ’s return is a measure of the spiritual condition of our lives at the moment.

Philippians 1:23-24. “I am torn between the two: I desire to depart and be with Christ, which is better by far; but it is more necessary for you that I remain in the body.”

2. How will this happen?

It will be visible, personal, public and sudden.


Acts 1:11. “Men of Galilee,” they said, “why do you stand here looking into the sky? This same Jesus, who has been taken from you into heaven, will come back in the same way you have seen him go into heaven.”


Luke 21:27. “At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.”


Revelation 1:7. “Look, He is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see Him, even those who pierced Him; and all the peoples of the earth will mourn because of Him.”


2 Peter 3:10. “The day of the Lord will come like a thief…”

3. What should we do?

When the disciples were asking Jesus when He’ll come back, He told them this.

Acts 1:8. “But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”

We must focus on the task rather than on the time of His coming. His kingdom will continue to advance.

Isaiah 9:7. Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end.

Matthew 11:12. From the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven has been forcefully advancing, and forceful men lay hold of it.

Jesus told us to keep doing His work until He comes back.

Luke 19:13. “Occupy till I come.”

The way we view the future will dictate the decisions we make today.